Location & Boundaries
Jalna district is approximately sitauated at the centre part of Maharashtra state
and in northen direction of Marathwada region.
The Jalna district lies between 19o1 north to 21o3 North Latitudes and 75o4
East to 76o4 East Longitude. It covers an area of 7,612 Sq.Kms, which is 2.47%
of the total state area.
District boundaries are adjacent to Jalgaon at north, Parbhani & buldhana at
east, beed at south and Aurangabad at west.
Click on right side images to see map of Maharashtra state & geographical
Location of the district. (Maps are not to scale)
|Provisional Population as per census 2011|
|Population of District
According to the Census-2001, Jalna district have 16,12,357 as a total
population & density of population is 209 persons / Sq Km while in 1991 census
it was 177 persons / Sq Km.
Please see following table for in detail population in the district, Census 1991 -
2001 differences & population distribution to Tahsils.
|The district has a population of 16,12,357 as per 2001 census.
|The male population is 8,25,977 & female population is 7,86,380.
|Male female ratio in district is found 1000 / 952.
|The literacy is 64.52% where as it was 46.25 % in 1991 census.
|Literacy decade rate growth is 18.27 %.
|Male literacy is 79.17 % and for female it is 49.25 %.
|Density of population is 209 persons / Sq Km.
In 1991 it was 177 persons / Sq Km.
The district has a sub-Tropical climate, in which the bulk of rainfall is received from the southwest monsoon,
between June to September. The average annual rainfall of the district ranges between 650 to 750 mm. The
district often experiences drought with rainfall recording as low as 400 to 450 mm.
The rainy season is followed by Winter, which last up to February, during which the minimum temperature
ranges between 9 to 10 c and maximum temperature ranges between 30 & 31C. The winter is followed by hot
summer, which continues up to June. The maximum day temperature ranges between 42 & 43 C's during summer.
The rainfall details of last few years is as below.
The district has moderately to gently sloping undulated topography. The Northern part
of the district is occupied by Ajanta and satmala hill ranges.
The 95 % area of the district falls in the Godavari basin. The river Godavari flows along
the Southern boundary from West to East direction. The rivers Dudhana, Gulati, Purna
are the principal tributaries of river Godavari, which flow through the district.
The major part of the district falls in the Purna sub basin. The river Purna flows from
the central part of the district and meets river Godavari in the neighboring district. The
river Khelna, and Girja are other important tributaries of river Purna which flow through
The southern part of the district falls in Godavari sub basin A very small part of the
district located North East of the district falls in the Tapi basinThe general slope of the area is towards Southeast.
The average altitude above mean sea level is 534 Mtrs. (A.M.S.L.).
The entire district is occupied by basaltic lava flows of the Deccan traps of upper cretaceous to Eocene age.
The lava flows are piled over one another. The individual flow thickness ranges between 20 to 30 mtrs. The
individual flow has two distinct units. The upper part is vesicular in nature and vesicles are filled with
secondary minerals like zeolite and quartz (e.g.Moss Agate, Zebra Agate and Green Agate) which is often
called as zeolitic trap. The lower part of the lava flow forms the massive basalt, and often called as massive
trap.Alluvial deposits along the major rivers overlie the Deccan traps.
The alluvium consists of clay, silt and sand. The thickness ranges between 10 to 20 mtrs. The alluvium forms
a very fertile land.
|Ground Water Potential
The major part of the district forms the moderately dissected basaltic plateau, which has moderate to good
groundwater potential. The northern part forms the highly dissected basaltic plateau; the ground water
potential is expected to be poor.
Good potential pockets for groundwater exploitation are expected along the lineaments. The narrow alluvial
deposits along the major river also forms potential zones for groundwater exploitation.
The area is suitable for groundwater exploitation through dug wells.
The most significant part of the Jalna district is that about 85 % of the geographical area is under agricultural
use. Out of the total 7,61,200 Hectares of the geographical area, 6,51,553 Hectare of land is under
The details of the land use in Jalna district are given in below tables.
The Economy of the Jalna district is based on Agriculture and Agrio-industries, as the 85 % of the
geographical area is under agricultural use. Out of the total 7,61,200 Hectares of the geographical area,
6,51,553 Hectare of land is under agricultural use.
As per the Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Govt. Of Maharashtra, The Estimate Income of the Jalna
district from 2004-05 to 2009-10 is as below.
About 75 % area is under Kharif crops, which about 40 % of land are under Rabbi crops. The Jawar, Wheat,
are the major cereals grown in the district. The area under cotton is also very entensinc. The area under
double crops is just 15 % while area under irrigation is only 7.8% which is far below the state average.
The current irrigation potential in the district is 66,097 hectares, while the area under well irrigation is about
35,000 hectares. The development plan has envisaged irrigation potentials up to 1,18,000 hectares, and even
well irrigation can also be increased at least to a double of the present utilization. Thus it is possible to bring
about 1,83,000 hectares of land under well irrigation with this the area under well irrigation would be 30 % of
the total cultivable land.
Following tables describes the area of agricultural land covered under irrigation and crop production
The Jalna district is having a good network of roads for transportation in between the Tahsil
places also well connected to major cities of the state.
Right side map gives you better idea about roads and railway lines in the district.