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JALNA DISTRICT
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DISTRICT PROFILE.
Location & Boundaries
Jalna district is approximately sitauated at the centre part of Maharashtra state
and in northen direction of Marathwada region.

The Jalna district lies between 19o1 north to 21o3 North Latitudes and 75o4
East to 76o4 East Longitude. It covers an area of 7,612 Sq.Kms, which is 2.47%
of the total state area.

District boundaries are adjacent to Jalgaon at north, Parbhani & buldhana at
east, beed at south and Aurangabad at west.

Click on right side images to see map of Maharashtra state & geographical
Location of the district.
(Maps are not to scale)
Maharashtra State Map
Geographical Location Map
Provisional Population as per census 2011 Jalna District & Tahsils
Population of District
According to the Census-2001, Jalna district have 16,12,357 as a total
population & density of population is 209 persons / Sq Km while in 1991 census
it was 177 persons / Sq Km.

Please see following table for in detail population in the district, Census 1991 -
2001 differences & population distribution to Tahsils.  
The district has a population of 16,12,357 as per 2001 census.
The male population is 8,25,977 & female population is 7,86,380.
Male female ratio in district is found 1000 / 952.
The literacy is 64.52% where as it was 46.25 % in 1991 census.
Literacy decade rate growth is 18.27 %.
Male literacy is 79.17 % and for female it is 49.25 %.
Density of population is 209 persons / Sq Km.
In 1991 it was 177 persons / Sq Km.

 

POPULATION

AGE GROUP 0-6

LITERATE

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

RURAL

6,66,694

6,38,147

13,04,841

1,06,785

97,542

2,04,327

4,36,478

2,44,195

6,80,673

URBAN

1,59,283

1,48,233

3,07,516

24,585

22,547

47,132

1,13,475

83,946

1,97,421

TOTAL

8,25,977

7,86,380

16,12,357

1,31,370

1,20,089

2,51,459

5,49,953

3,28,141

8,78,094

Item

Census-1991

Census-2001

Difference

Population

13,64,425

16,22,357

+ 2,57,932

Literacy

46.25%

64.52%

+18.27

Male/Female Ratio

1000/958

1000/952

+6

Density

177 Per. Sq. k.m.

209 Per. Sq. k.m.

+32

Taluka Name

Population

Age goup 0-6

Literates

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Jalna

Rural

100666

95557

196223

16249

15072

31321

65074

35133

100207

Urban

121728

113801

235529

18498

17072

35570

86456

65026

151482

Total

222394

209358

431752

34747

15072

66891

151530

100159

251689

Bhokardan

Rural

122269

116948

239217

19889

18143

38032

81988

45608

127596

Urban

8903

8047

16950

1570

1361

2931

6228

4355

10583

Total

131172

124995

256167

21459

19504

40963

88216

49963

138179

Jafrabad

Rural

69969

67344

137313

10954

9855

20809

48451

28570

77021

Urban

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

69969

67344

137313

10954

9855

20809

48451

28570

77021

Badnapur

Rural

67317

64065

131382

10874

9843

20717

44113

23222

67335

Urban

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

67317

64065

131382

10874

9843

20717

44113

23222

67335

Ambad

Rural

92479

88517

180996

14391

13008

27399

60395

34131

94526

Urban

13726

12370

26096

2087

1930

4017

10009

6959

16968

Total

106205

100887

207092

16478

14938

31416

70404

41090

111494

Ghansawangi

Rural

88443

84619

173062

14420

13011

27431

55813

31625

87438

Urban

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

88443

84619

173062

14420

13011

27431

55813

31625

87438

Partur

Rural

59094

57375

116469

9614

8979

18593

36592

20633

57225

Urban

14926

14015

28941

2430

2184

4614

10782

7606

16388

Total

74020

71390

145410

12044

11163

23207

47374

28239

75613

Mantha

Rural

66457

63722

130179

10394

9631

20025

44052

25273

69325

Urban

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

66457

63722

130179

10394

9631

20025

44052

25273

69325

Climate
The district has a sub-Tropical climate, in which the bulk of rainfall is received from the southwest monsoon,
between June to September. The average annual rainfall of the district ranges between 650 to 750 mm. The
district often experiences drought with rainfall recording as low as 400 to 450 mm.

The rainy season is followed by Winter, which last up to February, during which the minimum temperature
ranges between 9 to 10 c and maximum temperature ranges between 30 & 31C. The winter is followed by hot
summer, which continues up to June. The maximum day temperature ranges between 42 & 43 C's during summer.

The rainfall details of last few  years is as below.

Tahsil

Annual Avg.

2012

2013

2014

Jalna

700.9

348.4

823.7

438.5

Badnapur

700.1

345.4

617.4

316.6

Bhokardan

662.9

292.5

785.1

490.4

Jafrabad

640.4

324.2

959.4

360.0

Partur

743.9

429.9

968.2

476.0

Mantha

707.4

314.2

860.2

317.2

Ambad

651.7

315.6

757.3

363.3

Ghansavangi

699.2

229.6

538.6

269.7

Average

688.3

324.98 788.6 377.4
Physiography
The district has moderately to gently sloping undulated topography. The Northern part
of the district is occupied by Ajanta and satmala hill ranges.

The 95 % area of the district falls in the Godavari basin. The river Godavari flows along
the Southern boundary from West to East direction. The rivers Dudhana, Gulati, Purna
are the principal tributaries of river Godavari, which flow through the district.

The major part of the district falls in the Purna sub basin. The river Purna flows from
the central part of the district and meets river Godavari in the neighboring district. The
river Khelna, and Girja are other important tributaries of river Purna which flow through
the district.

The southern part of the district falls in Godavari sub basin A very small part of the
district located North East of the district falls in the Tapi basinThe general slope of the area is towards Southeast.

The average altitude above mean sea level is 534 Mtrs. (A.M.S.L.).
Jalna District Physiography
Geology
The entire district is occupied by basaltic lava flows of the Deccan traps of upper cretaceous to Eocene age.

The lava flows are piled over one another. The individual flow thickness ranges between 20 to 30 mtrs. The
individual flow has two distinct units. The upper part is vesicular in nature and vesicles are filled with
secondary minerals like zeolite and quartz (e.g.Moss Agate, Zebra Agate and Green Agate) which is often
called as zeolitic trap. The lower part of the lava flow forms the massive basalt, and often called as massive
trap.Alluvial deposits along the major rivers overlie the Deccan traps.

The alluvium consists of clay, silt and sand. The thickness ranges between 10 to 20 mtrs. The alluvium forms
a very fertile land.
Ground Water Potential
The major part of the district forms the moderately dissected basaltic plateau, which has moderate to good
groundwater potential. The northern part forms the highly dissected basaltic plateau; the ground water
potential is expected to be poor.

Good potential pockets for groundwater exploitation are expected along the lineaments. The narrow alluvial
deposits along the major river also forms potential zones for groundwater exploitation.

The area is suitable for groundwater exploitation through dug wells.
Land Use
The most significant part of the Jalna district is that about 85 % of the geographical area is under agricultural
use. Out of the total 7,61,200 Hectares of the geographical area,  6,51,553 Hectare of land is under
agricultural use.

The details of the land use in Jalna district are given in below  tables.

Land use / cover Category

Area in Hect.

% of Geographical area

Built up land

2,381

0.28 %

Agriculture land

6,51,553

85.56 %

Forest land

12,600

1.65 %

Waste land

80,035

10.51 %

Water bodies & River

6,371

0.85 %

Others

8,260

1.15 %

Total

7,61,200

100 %

Socio Economy
The Economy of the Jalna district is based on Agriculture and Agrio-industries, as  the 85 % of the
geographical area is under agricultural use. Out of the  total 7,61,200 Hectares of the geographical area,  
6,51,553 Hectare of land is under agricultural use.

As per the Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Govt. Of Maharashtra, The Estimate Income of the Jalna
district from 2004-05 to 2009-10 is as below.

DISTRICT INCOME AND PER CAPITA INCOME

Type

Prices

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

District Income 

(Rs.in lac)

Current

329611

386722

511031

568942

687450

802243

Const.

329611

377941

461568

488923

544995

584626

Per Capita Income 

(in Rs.)

Current

19556

22677

29629

32623

38990

45021

Agriculture
About 75 % area is under Kharif crops, which about 40 % of land are under Rabbi crops. The Jawar, Wheat,
are the major cereals grown in the district. The area under cotton is also very entensinc. The area under
double crops is just 15 % while area under irrigation is only 7.8% which is far below the state average.

The current irrigation potential in the district is 66,097 hectares, while the area under well irrigation is about
35,000 hectares. The development plan has envisaged irrigation potentials up to 1,18,000 hectares, and even
well irrigation can also be increased at least to a double of the present utilization. Thus it is possible to bring
about 1,83,000 hectares of land under well irrigation with this the area under well irrigation would be 30 % of
the total cultivable land.

Following tables describes the area of agricultural land covered under irrigation and crop production
respectively.

Sr.No

Name of Projects

Irrigated Land

Total Irrigated  Land

1

Large Project              [Jaikwadi-1]

 

36,000

2

Medium Projects

 

 

I

Upper Dhudhna

3,401

 

II

Dhamna

1,788

 

III

Jui

2,163

 

IV

Kalyangirja

1,996

 

V

Jivrekha

1,299

 

VI

Pirkalyan

1,999

 

VII

Khelna

1,133

 

VIII

Galhati

2,196

15,895

3

Minor Irrigation       [Local & State-20]

 

9,650

4

Upsa Projects                      [20 nos]

 

1,544

5

Well                                  841 nos]

 

36,641

Total Irrigation capacity in Hectors

1,02,030

Transportation
The Jalna district is having a good network of roads for transportation in between the Tahsil
places also well connected to major cities of the state.

Right side map gives you better idea about roads and railway lines in the district.
Jalna District Transportation