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JALNA DISTRICT
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Welcome to Jalna District.

Jalna district is approximately situated at the center part of Maharashtra state of Republic of India and in northern direction of Marathwada region. Specifically district lies between 19o1 north to 21o3 North Latitudes and 75o4 East to 76o4 East Longitude.

Jalna was formerly a part of Nizam State and after the Marathwada Mukti Sangram, became part of India, as a tahsil of Aurangabad district.

Jalna district erstwhile a part of Aurangabad district was formed on 1st May 1981 by carving out Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad, Ambad tahsils of Aurangabad district and Partur tahsil of Parbhani district.The boundaries of Jalna district are adjacent to Parbhani & Buldhana on east, Aurangabad on west, Jalgaon on north and  Beed on south.Jalna district covers an area of 7,612 Sq.Kms, which is 2.47% of the total state area.

The district head quarter is at Jalna & well connected to state capital and national capital by broad gauge railway line. Major towns of the state are also connected by state highways. Jalna district is well known for it's hybrid seed industries,  steel   re-rolling mills, bidi industry & agro based industries like dal mill.  The district is also known for the highest production of Sweet Lemon(Mosambi) in the state.

The peoples of Jalna district played a important role in the Marathwada MuktiSangram, in which Shri. Janardan Mama Nagapurkar of Jalna laid down his life for motherland.
 

The Lord Ganesha of Rajur
Tq : Bhokardan

JALNA

The Jalna city is situated on the banks of Kundalika river, (at latitude 19o 50' 42" north and longitude 75o 56' 15" east) is the premier commercial centre of the Marathvada region. It is the headquarters of tahsil & district to which it gives its name and is well served by a network of good roads connecting it not only with the chief towns within the district, but also with centers of commercial importance outside the district. It has the additional advantage of being a railway station on the Manmad - Kacheguda route.

Tradition ascribes the foundation of the town as far back as the time of Rama, the hero of Ramayana, whose consort Sita is supposed to have resided here. The local still point out the place where Ramas palace stood. It was then known as Janakpur. Subsequently, as the desire of a wealthy Muhammedan merchant, who is said to have been a great benefactor of the place, the name was changed to Jalna, from his occupation of Julaha or weaver.

Jalna is a muncipal town and continues to be an impotant handloom and powerloom weaving centre. Among the handloom societies working on co-operative basis, the foremost is the Markandeya Handloom weaving society having nearly 87 looms. Like Aurangabad and Paithan, the town was once known for the manufacture of fine gold and silver thread and silk textiles. There are also cotton ginning and pressing factories and an agricultural market produce committee handling large quantities of all kinds of agricultural produce, including cotton. In view of the overall industrial backwardness of the region, the state government has initiated a master plan to encourage the establishment of of small and large- scale industrial units. Under this plan Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC)  has set up an  industrial area in Jalna consistingh of ...large-scale, ...medium scale and ..small scale industries. Jalna industrial area has a large number of steel rolling mills, a unit manufacturing ball bearings, agro based units like dal mills and most significant being large number of seed manufacturing units; Mahyco, Mahindra, Bejo-Shital are some of them. The MIDC has recently anounced to setup bio technology park (BT Park) at Jalna with the help of  private sector units. This park will give a tremendous boost to the BT sector in the backward area of Marathvada.

Jalna being the headquarters of district, tahsil and industrial trade centre, has the offices of District Collector, Zilla Parishad, & Supt Of police besides District Court and various other govt. offices. It has a well equiped Civil Hospital. Besides Jalna town also has a missionary Hospital and an a most modern Eye Hospital namely Ganapti Netralaya run by a private trust . Jalna has educational facilities upto the post graduate level, primary & secondary education being looked after by the Zilla Parishad. A large weekly market is held on Tuesday at which cattle are also bought and sold; in fact Jalna is one of the prominent cattle markets of the region . The climate of Jalna is admirably suited for the cultivation of the fruit trees, and the fruit gardens yield a large variety of different kinds of fruits, including grapes of very fine and delicious quality.

Jalna was surrounded by a mud and brick  wall but it is all in ruins except two gates, knwon as the Murti Darwaza and the Hyderabad gate. Jamshed Khan, the governor  during Malik Akbar's time constructed a fine Masjid and a sarai, also the Moti Talav, a large tank to the west of the town. A system of underground pipes conveyed water to reserviors, in the town. the largest of which is in quadraangle of the sarai. The system is no longer in working order. When the city was at the height of its prosperity it had five tanks. Jalna now derives its water supply mainly from the Jaikwadi Dam and also Ghanevadi tank.

During Akbars time Jalna was held in as jagir by one of his generals, and Abul Fazl has made it his residence for a short period. Nizam -ul- Mulk Asaf Jah also favoured the town as being more healthy than Aurangabad and it was he who ordered Kabil Khan in 1725 to build the fort together with citadel situated to the east of the town and which is today known as Mastgad. The citadel
is being  used to accomodate the muncipal offices. The fort is quadrangular in shape,with semi circular bastions at the corners. It
is reported that the inner and the outer gates were constructed by Asaf Jah himself in 1711and 1723, respectively. The citadel bears of Persian inscription recording the date when it was constructed.  Within the citadel is a large well containing a series of galleries and chambers which are now filled up with rubbish.  At the entrance to the well is a defaced inscription in Balbodh. Subsequently a part of Land revenue of Jalna was collected by the Marathas.  The place has had frequent changes of masters. For a long time, it was held by one of the Shinde's  dependents, but shortly after the battle of Udgir in 1760, a rival claimant from Pune endeavoured to seize it. A sanguinary conflict took place which resulted into the discomfiture of the Pune sardar.  It was taken possession of by Colonel Stevenson's Troops in 1803 in the famouse battle of Assaye, a village in Jafrabad tahsil on the river of Juah located arround 10 K.M east of Bhokardan .   After the extinction of the Maratha power, it finally reverted to the Nizams of Hyderabad.  In 1855 it was the scene of a conflict between the Rohilas and the Company's troops.  After a stubborn conflict in which about 100 were killed or wounded on both sides, the Rohilas surrendered.


[ The information is taken from the Gazeteer of India, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Page No : 1018,1019,1020]
 

JAFRABAD

Jafferabad, the headquarters of the tahsil of the same name, is situated at the confluence of the Khelna and the Purna rivers, in latitude 20o 11'35" north, and longitude 76o3'35" east.  It is surrounded by a fortified stone wall, now in a very dilapidated state; but a small stone gadhi inside is in fair order.  The place derived its name from its founder Jafar Khan, who held it along with 115 other villages in jagir from Aurangzeb, the Moghal Empeor.  There are in all seven mosques and temples in Jafferabad. The principal mosque has a Persian inscription recording its construction under the orders of Aurangzeb by Rizazath Khan in 1076 Hijri (A.D.1664).  Within the fortifications there is a large handsome watercistern with an inscription stating that it was built at the command of Shah Jahan by Mustafa Khan, the Turkoman in Hijri 1040 (A.D.1630).  In connection with the principal temples of the village, large annual fairs are held at which all kinds of household utility goods are displayed for sale.  Jaffrabad has bi-weekly markets on Tuesdays and Fridays.  There is a civil hospital, a post office, and a rest house.   The village has educational facilities upto the Junior College  stage.  It is connected by a branch road with the Aurangabad-Jalgaon highway.

[ The information is taken from the Gazeteer of India, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Page No : 1017,1018]

GHANSAWANGI

Ghansawangi is a Tahsil place in Jalna District.   From the broken tanks and numerous dislapidated tombs which surround it, Ghansavangi appears to have been a place of much importance in the olden days.  In the north-west is a large open plain where at one time it was contemplated to station the Hyderabad Subsidiary Force.  An annual fair is held in honour of Narsimha. The village has a post office, educational facilities upto the middle school stage and a medical dispensary.  Weekly market is held on Saturday.  Wells are the source of drinking water.

[ The information is taken from the Gazeteer of India, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Page No : 1015]
 

AMBAD

Ambad situated between a ridge of hills in 19o35'15" north latitude and 75o50'7" east longitude is the headquarters of the tahsil of the same name.  It lies along Jalna-Gevrai road the former place being the principal commercial centre in the Marathvada region.

Matsyodari Temple

Ambad is a municipal town and Tahsil & it appears that once it enjoyed great prosperity, the marks of which are still seen in the  decayed stonebuildings and ruined walls and gateways.  A local tradition ascribes the foundation of the town to a Hindu Raja by name Amba Rishi who being weary of the cares of running the Government went and settled in a cave in a hill to the east of the town.   This site is now occupied by a shrine dedicated to goddess Matsyodari, so called because the hill resembles the shape of a fish (matsya).  It is believed to be one of the oldest temples in the region.  A largely attended annual fair is held at the temple in October.

Khandoba Temple

The town also contains a temple of Khandoba and a masonry Kund (tank), both of which were constructed by that pious and philanthropic queen, Ahilyabai Holkar, about the end of the eighteenth century.  The structure to Khandoba has three temples joined together an arrangement often found in the south, but rarely in the north, and capable of giving a greater variety of effect of light and shade than is observed, in plainer forms.  The shrine is surrounded by a stone-wal and has a gallery all round. The entrance is surmounted by a nagarkhana or chamber for temple-musicians.  The courtyard has an iron-pillar on either side, besides a figure of a lion standing on four small elephants, with a fifth elephant in its mouth.  Some finely sculptured images are seen scattered about inside.  The shrine is crowned by three large shikhars in a line, with a small one at either end.  They are built of bricks and are variously ornamented.  None of these shikhars are alike.  The village has also a masonry kund believed to have been built by Ahilyabai Holkar.  It has fallen into ruins.

Among the cults prevailing in the region the one espoused by Svami Ramanand, a devotee of Rama, claims a considerable following Svami Ramanand, originally from Gondi village near Ambad, made Ambad his abode and preached his doctrines. Achhutashram Svami was his chief disciple.  The memory of Ramanand Swami is highly revered in and around Ambad.


[ The information is taken from the Gazeteer of India, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Page No : 933,934]
BADNAPUR

Badnapur is a Tahsil in Jalna District.  It is situated on the right bank of the Dudhna about ten miles west of Jalna. It is here that a meeting took place between General Wellesley and Colonel Stevenson at which the plan of operations for attacking the Marathas, two days before the battle of Assaye, was drawn up. Amidst a grove of trees, a short distance to the north-east of the village, stands a dargah to Mir Gulam Shah.  Badnapur has a medical dispensary, a post office and a rest house, besides the usual educational facilities.  A weekly market is held on Fridays. The village is accessible both by road and the railway. The Dudhna and wells are the sources of water supply.

[ The information is taken from the Gazeteer of India, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Page No : 961]
 

BHOKARDAN

Bhokardan is the principal town of the tahsil of the same name, settled along the right bank of the Khelna river, a tributary of the Purna in latitude 20o16' north and longitude 75o46'56" east.  It is situated on the road to Jafferabad which takes off from the Aurangabad-Jalgaon highway at Sillod.  The town is also connected with Jalna the principal commercial centre of the Marathvada region.  Tradition relates that a powerful king by name Bhomasur reigned here once and who maintained a large harerm containing about 17,000 females.   He had forcibly taken possession of these females from various parts of his territory. His subjects apealed to Krishna to save them, upon which he assembled a large army and defeated and killed Bhomasur thus releasing the females. Bhagadnath, a son of Krishna, was raised to the throne and the capital place was named after him which subsequently corrupted into Bhokardan.

In 1852 the Patel of a village named Javla enraged at the deprivation of his appointment collected a force of 300 Arabs and Rohilas and attacked Bhokardan, but was bought off.  About seven years later he again attacked the town which was defended by the naib and was bought off a second time.  The Rohilas were occasionally troublesome after this.  They were finally subdued by a contingent force of 500 men and 2 guns sent from Aurangabad.

Bhokardan is surrounded by a ruined wall.  There is an inner citadel which served to house the offices of the tahsildar and other minor officials.  The marks of its former prosperity are discernible in the solid masonry walls which have collapsed for the most part, while the bands of earth scattered round the town mark the sites of once beautiful fruit and vegetable gardens.  The manufactures consist of coarse blankets or kambals coarse cloth and coarse brown sugar.  A weekly market is held on every Saturday.  The town has eight small temples and two mosques.   Three fairs are held annually, the largest being the one held at the temple to Khandoba.  About half a mile from the town on the left bank of the Khelna, are the ruins of a Mahanubhav temple.  Below the temple there are some caves in the river bank but they are all blocked up with silt and rubbish.  The town has the tahsildar's office, a panchayat samiti or block development office and a police station.

[ The information is taken from the Gazeteer of India, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Page No : 962,963]